Topic 7.2: Other Federal Laws

Learning Objectives

After successfully completing this topic, you will be able to
• describe the objectives and major provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act, and
• describe the major provisions of the Interstate Land Sales Disclosure Act.

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits discrimination based on disability in places of public accommodations and in commercial facilities.

A disability is defined by the ADA as a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits a major life activity, such as walking, seeing, hearing, learning, breathing, caring for oneself, or working. The ADA does not cover temporary impairments such as a broken leg. Sexual or behavioral problems are also not protected. Persons who are in a recovery program for substance abuse are protected, but not those who are abusing drugs or alcohol.

New Construction and Renovation of Public Accommodations and Commercial Facilities

Parking areas should have one accessible space for every 25 total regular parking spaces.

New construction and alterations must comply with the ADA. Existing structures must be made accessible when that goal is readily achievable, meaning that the goal can be achieved without great difficulty or expense.

Parking areas should have one accessible space for every 25 total regular parking spaces. The accessible spaces should be the closest available to the accessible entrance.

Curbs at building entrances should have curb cuts. Ramps should have at least one foot of length for every inch of height (1:12). Restrooms should be accessible to people with disabilities.

Interstate Land Sales Full Disclosure Act

The Interstate Land Sales Full Disclosure Act requires a developer who markets a subdivision with 100 or more lots to register with the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The developer of a subdivision with more than 25 lots must give each purchaser a Property Report before the buyer signs a purchase contract.