You can expect to see five questions on the end-of-course exam and five questions on the state exam from this unit.

Learning Objectives

After successfully completing this unit, you will be able to
• describe the purpose for legal descriptions,
• understand the licensee’s role and responsibilities as they pertain to legal descriptions,
• explain and distinguish among the three types of legal descriptions,
• describe the process of creating a legal description using the metes-and-bounds method,
• locate a township by township line and range,
• locate a section within a township,
• understand how to subdivide a section,
• calculate the number of acres in a parcel based on the legal description, and convert to square feet,
• explain the use of assessor’s parcel numbers, and
• apply the measurements associated with checks, townships and sections.

Key Terms

base linepoint of beginning
checkprincipal meridian
government survey systemsection
legal descriptionsurvey
lot and blocktownship
metes and boundstownship line


The transfer of title to real property is dependent upon the description of the precise boundaries of a parcel of land. A legal description is much more than the address of a property; it is a unique description that distinguishes this property from all other properties in the world. This unit will describe the various methods used to describe and locate the boundaries of real property.